Aronia Berry


Article Outline
  1. 1. Composition
  2. 2. Healing Properties
    1. 2.1. Antiaging
    2. 2.2. Anticancer
    3. 2.3. Anti-Diabetic activity
    4. 2.4. Antiinflammatory
    5. 2.5. Antioxidant
    6. 2.6. Cardioprotective
    7. 2.7. Endothelial Health
    8. 2.8. Weight Loss
    9. 2.9. Energy (Metabolism)
    10. 2.10. Glucose Regulation
  3. 3. Disease / Symptom Treatment
    1. 3.1. Cancer
    2. 3.2. Type I Diabetes
      1. 3.2.1. Insulin Resistance
    3. 3.3. Inflammation
      1. 3.3.1. Inflammatory Bowel Disease
      2. 3.3.2. Colitis
    4. 3.4. Obesity

The Aronia Berry (also known as the Chokeberry) is known for its dense content of polyphenols, especially anthocyanins. The total polyphenol and proanthocyanidin content are among the highest measured in plants to date.

Aronia Berries contain a high concentration of phenolic compounds (anthocyanins, procyanidins, hydroxycinnamic acids and flavonols).

The Aronia Berry has three varieties. Red chokeberry, Aronia arbutifolia (Photinia pyrifolia); Black chokeberry, Aronia melanocarpa (Photinia melanocarpa); and Purple chokeberry, Aronia prunifolia (Photinia floribunda).

Composition

Polyphenols

Healing Properties

Antiaging

The strongest antiaging properties of any berry.

Anticancer

Anti-Diabetic activity

Oral administration of aronia 100 mg/kg has the effect of decreasing the increase of blood glucose level and also has the protection effect of pancreas β cells.[1]

Antiinflammatory

Aronia berry extract significantly suppresses inflammatory cytokines.[2]

Antioxidant

Cardioprotective

Endothelial Health

Powerful inhibititor of vascular endothelial inflammation.[2:1]

Weight Loss

AJC supplementation has the potential to prevent weight gain and markers of obesity.[3]

Energy (Metabolism)

Aronia Berry Juice Concentrate supplementation had a significant effect on diet efficiency causing subjects to need less energy intake to maintain body processes (i.e. growth) and become more efficient at using the energy they consume.[3:1]

Glucose Regulation

Aronia Berry Juice Concentrate supplementation has been shown to increase adiponectin levels.

  • Adiponectin (also referred to as GBP-28, apM1, AdipoQ and Acrp30) is a protein hormone which is involved in regulating glucose levels as well as fatty acid breakdown. In humans it is encoded by the ADIPOQ gene and it is produced in adipose tissue.

Disease / Symptom Treatment

Cancer

Type I Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes (T1D), an insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, is caused by damage and destruction of pancreatic β cells that produce insulin. It is a disease that is characterized by hyperglycemia and hypoinsulinemia.[1:1]

Insulin Resistance

Aronia Berry decreased risk factors associated with insulin resistance in rats fed a fructose-rich diet through modulation of multiple pathways associated with insulin signaling, adipogenesis and inflammation.[3:2]

Inflammation

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Aronia melanocarpa (Black Aronia Berry) fruit juice ameliorates the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease.[4]

Colitis

The effects of taking Aronia Berry Juice were comparable or even higher than that of the Antiinflammatory drug sulfasalazine (works better than pharmaceutical drug).[4:1]

Obesity

Aronia Berry Juice Concentrate supplementation had a significant effect on preventing weight gain.


  1. Title: The Effect of Aronia Berry on Type 1 Diabetes In Vivo and In Vitro
    Author(s): Jeon Yong-Deok, Kang Sa-Haeng, Moon Kwang-Hyun, Lee Jeong-Ho, Kim Dae-Geun, Kim Wook, Kim Jong-Sung, Ahn Byung-Yong, and Jin Jong-Sik
    Institution(s): Department of Oriental Medicine Resources, Chonbuk National University, Iksan, South Korea; Department of Oriental Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Wongkwang-Oriental Medicine Research Institute, Wongkwang University, Iksan, South Korea
    Publication: Journal of Medicinal Food
    Date: 1 Mar 2018
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  2. Title: Polyphenol-rich Aronia Berry Extract Inhibits TNF-α-induced Vascular Endothelial Inflammation
    Author(s): Tomomi Iwashima, Yuki Kudome, Emi Saita, Chie Taguchi, Yoshimi Kishimoto, Kaoruko Iida, Kazuo Kondo
    Institution(s): Ochanomizu University, Tokyo, Japan; Toyo University, Gunma, Japan
    Publication: Atherosclerosis
    Date: June 2018
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  3. Title: Effect of Aronia melanocarpa (Black Chokeberry) supplementation on the development of obesity in mice fed a high-fat diet
    Author(s): Baum, Jamie I.* | Howard, Luke R. | Prior, Ronald L. | Lee, Sun-Ok
    Institution(s): Department of Food Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
    Publication: Journal of Berry Research
    Date: 16 June 2016
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  4. Title: Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice ameliorates the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease in TNBS-induced colitis in rats
    Author(s): Stefka Valcheva-Kuzmanova, Atanas Kuzmanov, Vasilena Kuzmanova, Maria Tzaneva
    Institution(s): Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Medical University Prof. Dr. Paraskev Stoyanov, Varna, Bulgaria; Medical University Prof. Dr. Paraskev Stoyanov, Varna, Bulgaria; Department of Preclinical and Clinical Sciences, Medical University Prof. Dr. Paraskev Stoyanov, Varna, Bulgaria
    Publication: Food and Chemical Toxicology
    Date: March 2018
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