Bilberry


Article Outline
  1. 1. Composition
  2. 2. Healing Properties
    1. 2.1. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (Anticholinesterase)
    2. 2.2. Neuroprotective
    3. 2.3. Antimutagenic
    4. 2.4. Antiaging
    5. 2.5. Antioxidant
    6. 2.6. Antiinflammatory
    7. 2.7. Chelator
  3. 3. Disease / Symptom Treatment
    1. 3.1. Alzheimer’s Disease
    2. 3.2. Cancer
      1. 3.2.1. Colorectal cancer
  4. 4. Synergistic Effects

Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus)

Composition

  • Bilberry fruits contain larger amounts of catechin-type tannins.[1]

Healing Properties

Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (Anticholinesterase)

Bilberry extract demonstrates moderate Acetylcholinesterase inhibition.

  • Inhibiting the acetylcholinesterase enzyme from breaking down acetylcholine, thereby increases both the level and duration of action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.[1:1]
  • There is a strong positive correlation between anticholinesterase activity and total condensed tannins.

Neuroprotective

Antimutagenic

Antiaging

Antioxidant

Anthocyanins represent the main antioxidant compounds in wild berries. Bilberries contain anthocyanins mainly in the form of glucosides, galactosides and arabinosides of cyanidin, delphinidin, malvidin, petunidin and peonidin.[1:2]

Antiinflammatory

Chelator

Chelation of metal ions

Disease / Symptom Treatment

Alzheimer’s Disease

Cancer

Colorectal cancer

Synergistic Effects

Bilberry / Blackcurrant blend has the best synergistic effect.[1:3]


  1. Title:
    Publication:
    Date:
    Study Type: Animal Study, Commentary, Human Study: In Vitro - In Vivo - In Silico, Human: Case Report, Meta Analysis, Review
    Author(s):
    Institutions:
    IPFS: ipfs.io, cloudflare ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎