Article Outline
  1. 1. Biological Properties
    1. 1.1. Anti-aflatoxigenic
    2. 1.2. Anticancer
      1. 1.2.1. Chemopreventive
    3. 1.3. Antioxidant
    4. 1.4. Antiinflammatory
    5. 1.5. Weight Loss
    6. 1.6. Lipid Profile
  2. 2. Disease / Symptom Treatment
    1. 2.1. Fungal Pathogens
      1. 2.1.1. Candida
      2. 2.1.2. Aflatoxin
    2. 2.2. Obesity
    3. 2.3. Hypercholesterolemia
    4. 2.4. Cancer
      1. 2.4.1. Breast Cancer

Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) is a flowering plant in the parsley family which produces a fruit that contains aromatic seeds which are dried and used as a spice, they are usually ground into a powder and used in curry.

Biological Properties




C. cyminum fruits reduce the risk of, or delay the development or recurrence of, cancer.[1]


Cuminum cyminum L. essential oil supplementation can improve some antioxidative indices in the body.[2]


Cuminum cyminum L. essential oil supplementation increased superoxide dismutase (a very important antioxidant defense in the body) and total antioxidant capacity while decreasing malondialdehyde (a highly reactive compound that is a marker for oxidative stress).[2:1]

Weight Loss

Lipid Profile

Cumin has been shown to have a beneficial effect on lipid profile.[2:2]

Disease / Symptom Treatment

Fungal Pathogens




Cumin powder (along with a weight reduction diet) showed improvement in anthropometric and biochemical parameters in overweight/obese women.[2:3]

  • Cumin powder significantly reduced weight, BMI, waist circumference, fat mass and its percentage.[2:4]


Cumin powder reduced serum levels of fasting cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL and increased HDL.[2:5]


Breast Cancer

Flavonoids especially luteolin-7-O-glucoside play a significant role in cytotoxic effect of C. cyminum fruits and can be introduced as candidate for chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic drugs.[1:1]

  1. Title: Cuminum cyminum fruits as source of luteolin-7-O-glucoside, potent cytotoxic flavonoid against breast cancer cell lines
    Publication: Taylor & Francis Online: Natural Product Research
    Date: December 2018
    Study Type: Human Study: In Vitro
    Author(s): Saied Goodarzi, Mir Javad Tabatabaei, Razieh Mohammad Jafari, Farzaneh Shemirani, Saeed Tavakoli, Mansur Mofasseri, and Zahra Tofighi
    Institutions: University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran; Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    IPFS:, cloudflare ↩︎ ↩︎

  2. Title: Effect of cumin powder on body composition and lipid profile in overweight and obese women
    Publication: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
    Date: October 2014
    Study Type: Human Study: In Vivo
    Author(s): Roghayeh Zare, Fatemeh Heshmati, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh
    Institutions: Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Iran
    IPFS:, cloudflare ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎