Cumin


Article Outline
  1. 1. Biological Properties
    1. 1.1. Anti-aflatoxigenic
    2. 1.2. Anticancer
      1. 1.2.1. Chemopreventive
    3. 1.3. Antioxidant
    4. 1.4. Antiinflammatory
    5. 1.5. Weight Loss
    6. 1.6. Lipid Profile
  2. 2. Disease / Symptom Treatment
    1. 2.1. Fungal Pathogens
      1. 2.1.1. Candida
      2. 2.1.2. Aflatoxin
    2. 2.2. Obesity
    3. 2.3. Hypercholesterolemia
    4. 2.4. Cancer
      1. 2.4.1. Breast Cancer

Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) is a flowering plant in the parsley family which produces a fruit that contains aromatic seeds which are dried and used as a spice, they are usually ground into a powder and used in curry.

Biological Properties

Anti-aflatoxigenic

Anticancer

Chemopreventive

C. cyminum fruits reduce the risk of, or delay the development or recurrence of, cancer.[1]

Antioxidant

Cuminum cyminum L. essential oil supplementation can improve some antioxidative indices in the body.[2]

Antiinflammatory

Cuminum cyminum L. essential oil supplementation increased superoxide dismutase (a very important antioxidant defense in the body) and total antioxidant capacity while decreasing malondialdehyde (a highly reactive compound that is a marker for oxidative stress).[2:1]

Weight Loss

Lipid Profile

Cumin has been shown to have a beneficial effect on lipid profile.[2:2]

Disease / Symptom Treatment

Fungal Pathogens

Candida

Aflatoxin

Obesity

Cumin powder (along with a weight reduction diet) showed improvement in anthropometric and biochemical parameters in overweight/obese women.[2:3]

  • Cumin powder significantly reduced weight, BMI, waist circumference, fat mass and its percentage.[2:4]

Hypercholesterolemia

Cumin powder reduced serum levels of fasting cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL and increased HDL.[2:5]

Cancer

Breast Cancer

Flavonoids especially luteolin-7-O-glucoside play a significant role in cytotoxic effect of C. cyminum fruits and can be introduced as candidate for chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic drugs.[1:1]


  1. Title: Cuminum cyminum fruits as source of luteolin-7-O-glucoside, potent cytotoxic flavonoid against breast cancer cell lines
    Publication: Taylor & Francis Online: Natural Product Research
    Date: December 2018
    Study Type: Human Study: In Vitro
    Author(s): Saied Goodarzi, Mir Javad Tabatabaei, Razieh Mohammad Jafari, Farzaneh Shemirani, Saeed Tavakoli, Mansur Mofasseri, and Zahra Tofighi
    Institutions: University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran; Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    IPFS: ipfs.io, cloudflare ↩︎ ↩︎

  2. Title: Effect of cumin powder on body composition and lipid profile in overweight and obese women
    Publication: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
    Date: October 2014
    Study Type: Human Study: In Vivo
    Author(s): Roghayeh Zare, Fatemeh Heshmati, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh
    Institutions: Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Iran
    IPFS: ipfs.io, cloudflare ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎