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  1. 1. Composition

Anthocyanins are water-soluble pigments that, depending on their pH, may appear red, yellow, orange, magenta, violet, purple, blue or black.

Anthocyanins are found within different plant organs; flowers, leaves, fruits, roots, tubers and grains. Food plants rich in anthocyanins include the blueberry, raspberry, black rice, and black soybean, among many others that are red, blue, purple, or black.[1]


There are nearly 25 naturally occurring anthocyanidins, however more than 700 anthocyanins derivatives have been identified to date.[1:1]

The most prevalent anthocyanidins in nature are pelargonidin (Pg), cyanidin (Cy), peonidin (Pn), delphinidin (Dp), petunidin (Pt) and malvidin (Mv).[1:2]

  1. Title: Anthocyanin pigments: Structure and biological importance
    Publication: Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences
    Institution(s): Al-Andalus University for Medical Sciences, Tartous, Syria
    Date: October 2020
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