Apricot


Article Outline
  1. 1. Species & Cultivars
    1. 1.1. Prunus armeniaca
    2. 1.2. Prunus mandshurica
    3. 1.3. Prunus brigantina
    4. 1.4. Prunus mume
    5. 1.5. Prunus zhengheensis
    6. 1.6. Prunus sibirica
  2. 2. Composition
  3. 3. Healing Properties
    1. 3.1. Antiinflammatory
    2. 3.2. Antioxidant
    3. 3.3. Antitumor (anticancer)
    4. 3.4. Heart Health
      1. 3.4.1. Antihypertensive
        1. 3.4.1.1. Vasorelaxation
  4. 4. Disease / Symptom Treatment
    1. 4.1. Cerebrovascular Disease
    2. 4.2. Heart Disease
    3. 4.3. High Blood Pressure (hypertension)
  5. 5. Adverse Affects
  6. 6. Synergistic Effects

Apricot is a fruit of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).

Species & Cultivars

Prunus armeniaca

Prunus armeniaca means Armenian plum. Also called ansu apricot, Siberian apricot, and Tibetan apricot.

Prunus armeniaca is one of the most important Mediterranean fruits.[1]

It is also the most commonly cultivated apricot species.

Prunus Armeniaca ‘Goldrich’ is a cultivar with high polyphenol content.[1:1]

Prunus mandshurica

Also called Manchurian apricot and scout apricot.

A variety of the Siberian apricot (Tibetan apricot) Prunus armeniaca.

Native to northeast China, Korea, and Manchuria.

The Manchurian apricot has high levels of the polyphenol Phloretin.[2]

Prunus brigantina

Prunus mume

Prunus zhengheensis

Prunus sibirica

Composition

The concentration of polyphenols in apricot peel is 10 fold higher than flesh.[1:2]

Healing Properties

Antiinflammatory

Antioxidant

Antitumor (anticancer)

Heart Health

Antihypertensive

Vasorelaxation

Phloretin, a polyphenol found in apricots, has the effect of regulating vascular tone. It has been specifically shown to inhibit arterial vasocontriction.[2:1] This means that it can promote a reduction in tension of the blood vessel walls.[2:2]

Phloretin is an auxiliary mechanism for relaxing the arteries, besides typical stimulation of the endothelium.[2:3]

Phloretin actually inhibits the contractions of arteries by acting directly on the smooth muscle (not just the endothelium), therefore this can have a beneficical therapeutic effect on individuals with diseased enothelium (such as with atherosclerosis or diabetes).[2:4]

Disease / Symptom Treatment

Cerebrovascular Disease

Refer to the section(s) above for Antihypertensive, Vasorelaxation

Heart Disease

Refer to the section(s) above for Antihypertensive, Vasorelaxation

High Blood Pressure (hypertension)

Refer to the section(s) above for Antihypertensive, Vasorelaxation

Adverse Affects

Synergistic Effects


  1. Title: Polyphenol content in apricot fruits
    Publication: Scientia Horticulturae
    Date: May 2020
    Study Type: Plant Study
    Author(s): H.Gómez-Martínez, A. Bermejo, E. Zuriaga, M. L. Badenes
    Institution(s): Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Moncada, Valencia, Spain
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  2. Title: The Convergence Effect of Phloretin Existent in Plants on Vascular Contractility
    Publication: Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
    Date: October 2020
    Study Type: Animal Study
    Author(s): Bang, Joon Seok (College of Pharmacy, Sookmyung Women’s University) ; Je, Hyun Dong (Dept. of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Daegu Catholic University) ; Min, Young Sil (Dept. of Pharmaceutical Science, Jungwon University)
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